Nihongo o Narau! Lesson 4

Created by miss.bucket.head on Sunday, January 31, 2010

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こんにちはみなさん!ひさしぶりです。おげんきですか。きょうは日曜日です。あしたがっこにいくます。

Konnichiwa minasan! Hisashiburi desu. O genki desu ka? Kyoo wa nichiyoobi desu. Ashita gakko ni ikumasu.

Hello everyone! It's been a while! How are you? Today is Sunday. Tomorrow, I have to go to school.

Vocab from this statement:

Kyoo - Today

nichiyoobi - Sunday

ashita - Tomorrow

gakko - school

ikimasu - will go

Any additional questions about the sentence structure or anything, feel free to message me. :P

So! In the last lesson, we learned all about numbers 1 - 10, and about the special hiragana, ne? Well, in this lesson, we will learn about the kanji for numbers 1 - 10, and how to tell time in Japanese! 日本語をべんきょうしましょう!Nihongo wo benkyooshimashoo! Lets study some Japanese!

Kanji

Heres how we'll do it. I'll write the arabic numeral (i.e. 1, 2, 3, etc.), then I'll write the number in romaji (our alpabet), then I'll write it in hiragana, then I'll write it in kanji.

1 ichi いち   一

2 ni に    二

3 san さん   三

4 shi/yon し/よん  四

5 go ご    五

6 roku ろく   六

7 shichi/nana しち/なな  七

8 hachi はち   八

9 kyuu/ku きゅう/く   九

10 jyuu じゅう   十

Notice that for shichi/nana and shi/yon, there are two ways to write them in hiragana, and two ways to pronounce them, but only one way to write them in kanji.

Time

いま、なんじですか。

いま三じです。

ありがとうがざいます。

どういたしまして。

Ima, nan ji desu ka?

Ima san ji desu.

Arigatoo gozaimasu.

Doo itashimashite.

Okay. So. Ima, nan ji desu ka? Means Now, What time is it? Ima means now. Nan means what. There are actually two ways to say what, which is nan and nani, but we'll get more into that later. Ji means "o clock". Desu is at the end to state "it is" and ka is at the end to make the statement into a question.

Ima, san ji desu. Ima, as you now know, means now. San means 3, as you should also already know. Ji means o clock, and desu is there to state it is. Ima, san ji desu. Now it is 3 o clock.

Arigatoo gozaimasu is thank you very much, and doo itashimashite is "you're welcome".

When dealing with time, all you do is put it the number that you are trying to say, and then tack a "ji" behind it for "o clock". It's simple! So, pull out a piece of paper and a pencil, and try to write the following.

2:00

5:00

7:00

1:00

8:00

You may be wondering how to write 11:00 and 12:00, as I have not yet taught you how to write/say 11 or 12 yet. Well, its really very simple. You take Jyuu (10) and Ichi (1) and that becomes 11. Jyuuichi. 10 1. So, how would you write 12? If you were thinking "Jyuuni", then you were right! Actually, this rule also applies for 13 - 19. Just remember that for 14, it's "jyuuyon" and not "jyuushi" and for 17 its "jyuunana" and not "jyuushichi". Why? I honestly have no idea. I just say it because thats whats correct! =^.^=

My recommendations

If possible, I would strongly reccomend getting a basic kanji book. You can buy one off amazon.com for about $15. Because, let me tell you the truth about kanji. Once you learn the first 100 or so, then the more complicated looking kanji is really just a bunch of simpler kanji put together.

いいですねみなさん!おわり!

All right everyone! Thats it for now!

じゃあまた!

miss.bucket.head. :D


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